What is Hyperglycemia?

Posted on March 16 2012


What is Hyperglycemia?

Increased blood sugar, beyond healthy levels, is referred to as hyperglycemia and can result in significant damage to important areas of the body. Regular blood glucose monitoring and adjustment is necessary to ensure continued health. As diabetes affects over 23 million people in the US alone, an adequate understanding of hyperglycemia symptoms and treatments is essential.

What Causes Hyperglycemia?

Any number of changes can lead to Hyperglycemia including intake, medication, and physical inactivity. Lifestyle has a significant effect on sugar levels and changes such as eating too much, consuming foods that are too rich, or not getting enough exercise can result in excessive buildup of sugars in the blood. Other factors that influence sugar and insulin are medications, stress, and illness. It is recommended to follow strict regimens for blood sugar testing and insulin management, and alert healthcare professionals of any changes.

What Are Symptoms of Hyperglycemia?

Excess sugar is often undetectable but can be extremely detrimental to vital organs and functioning. The primary areas at risk are the eyes, kidneys, liver, heart, nerves, and blood vessels. In some cases, an individual may experience blurred vision, headache, hunger, thirst, and upset stomach or bladder. Blood sugar monitoring is the truest method of ensuring levels are within range and should read less than or equal to 240mg/dL.

Treating Hyperglycemia

If blood sugar tests are high or any of the above symptoms exist, this may signal a hyperglycemic condition. Additional testing, such as ketone levels, are suggested as these measure how much body fat is being burned for energy. If both blood sugar and ketone levels are high, this presents a significant health risk. Proper food, exercise, and medication management should help to balance blood sugar levels and in normal cases the introduction of insulin will combat increased glucose concentration.

Hyperglycemia presents a serious health risk but is often regulated as long as prescribed lifestyle modification and medication plans are followed. Take measures to effectively manage blood glucose levels to ensure a healthy balance.


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