EBV infection mononucleosis testing detects the increased occurrence of lymphocytes in the blood. Mononucleosis or Mono is commonly referred to as the “kissing disease.” Mono is a variation of the herpes virus coined as Epstein-Barr. Testing for Mono is typically done in response to flu like symptoms and is common among teenagers and young adults. Though in most cases symptoms are minimal, it is suggested that patients seek medical attention and follow suggested care plans.
Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms that spur mononucleosis testing include fatigue, cough, abdominal pain, and swelling or reddening in areas of the throat. Many of these symptoms are similar to the common flu virus. Primary treatment includes patient rest combined with anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and pain related to possible airway constriction. However, in some cases, there is the potential for threatening swelling and damage to areas such as the liver and spleen. This is particularly important for older adults affected by Mono as there is a decreased likelihood of visible signs in the throat occurring.
Because of the prevalence of the virus, mononucleosis testing has become quite common. More than 90% of adults have been exposed to the EBV virus though many do not display visible symptoms. Once contracted, Mono may be treated, but will continue to lie dormant. As indicated, the symptoms and overall effect of mononucleosis tend to be minimal, but there is evidence that the virus may trigger more serious conditions such as hepatitis, ruptured spleen, and even some types of cancer. For this reason it is suggested that mononucleosis testing is performed if any of the common symptoms are present to allow for adequate treatment and follow up by a physician.