The Uncommon Common Cold
Rhinovirus, a group of viruses responsible for the common cold has been found to lead to more serious respiratory conditions in infants and children. In the journal, Pediatrics, a study published January 13th indicated that a co-infection could exist and lead to bronchitis, pneumonia, or other lung infections.
During the course of study, 434 infants and children with cold symptoms were tested for Rhinovirus and other potential threats. Over 40% of these children tested positive for Rhinovirus, and many of these were carrying other illness as well. The most common co-infection was Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV).
RSV can cause inflammation and lead to conditions such as pneumonia and bronchitis, and it is the most common cause of these illnesses in infants. Though treatable, 25-40% of the patients that contract an RSV infection will also develop a serious lung infection. Susceptible individuals and untreated cases can lead to hospitalization.
It is important that children with colds be seen by their doctors as early as possible so that testing can be done to identify whether Rhinovirus, RSV, or other similar viruses are also present. Additionally, researchers also advise keeping infants and children away from other infected persons to help avoid further spreading the virus. Proper hygiene and isolation techniques are also recommended.