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The most common season for nosebleeds is winter due to the combination of cold temperatures and dry indoor air. These incidents can range from a minor trickle of blood to profuse amounts. Researchers in conjunction with the National Institutes of Health have offered some insight into avoiding and treating nosebleeds.
Nosebleeds are particularly common in older individuals during the winter months as their mucus membranes are not as lush. Cold and dry air can cause the blood vessels to break leading to nosebleed. Other at risk individuals include persons taking blood thinning medications.
In order reduce the risk of nosebleed, researchers suggest increasing moisture levels to keep mucus membranes from drying. One recommendation includes the use of a humidifier, especially while sleeping. Another method for maintaining moisture balance is a dab of petroleum jelly on either side of the septum.
If nosebleeds do occur, there are a variety of methods for treating and relieving symptoms. One method is to apply firm pressure to the nostrils while tilting the head back slightly. Another method includes applying ice to the nose as the cold helps to constrict blood vessels. Over-the-counter products like NasalCease are home use coagulants that can help to stem the bleeding. And, if all else fails, a doctor can cauterize blood vessels that will not stop by these other methods.