Sodium Chloride for injection, inhalation, and irrigation. Sodium Chloride is known as hypertonic saline; NaCl, Normal Saline, Saline, and Salt. Parenteral: Restores sodium ion in patients with restricted oral intake (especially hyponatremia states or low salt syndrome). Concentrated sodium chloride: Additive for patenteral fluid therapy. Hypertonic sodium chloride: For severe hyponatremia and hypochloremia. Hypotonic sodium chloride: Hydrating solution. Normal Saline: Restores water/sodium losses. Sodium chloride Ophthalmic: Reduces corneal edema. Sodium chloride Inhalation: Restores moisture to pulmonary system; loosens and thins congestion caused by colds or allergies; diluents for bronchodilator solutions that require dilution before inhalation.