Small tears in the lining of the lower rectum are referred to as anal fissures and may occur for a number of reasons including illness, increased pressure, and trauma. Tests can identify anal fissures and are typically performed in response to abdominal pain. Anal fissures are quite common, however, they may be indicative of a more serious condition and should be monitored.
Causes of Anal Fissures
- Passing a large stool that increases pressure in the anal canal
- Constipation or passing hard stool
- Repeated diarrhea
- Increased pressure of the internal or external anal sphincters
- Crohn's Disease or Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Anal Fissure Symptoms
- Sharp stinging or burning pain during and/or after bowel movement
- Itching and lower body discomfort
- Light bleeding or yellowish discharge
Diagnosing Anal Fissures
- Gently spreading the buttocks and examining the anus
- Using a gloved finger or anoscope to examine the fissure
- Fecal occult blood testing to detect trace amounts of blood
Treating Anal Fissures
- Sitz Bath - soaking 2-3 times per day
- Increasing fiber intake - through diet or supplements
- Stool softeners - aid in relieving constipation
- Ointments such as Preparation H or 1% Hydrocortisone
- Extreme cases may require medications or minor surgery
Though anal fissures tend to be common they can be misdiagnosed or related to more serious medical conditions.
Shop online for anal fissure care and testing products, or call to speak with a trained medical supply representative today at 1-888-687-4334.