Commonly found in the adult large intestine are colon polyps, and although they are usually non-threatening, they can turn into colon cancer. Early screening and detection can help treat colon polyps and allow for early identification of colorectal cancer. Patients that are over 50 or those with a family history of polyps or colon cancer should seek out regular screening and treatment.
Symptoms of Colon Polyps
- Most cases of colon polyps have few or no noticeable symptoms
- Rectal pain or bleeding
- Changes in bowel habits such as diarrhea or constipation
Diagnosing Colon Polyps
- Stool Tests - testing like fecal occult blood tests (FOBT), fecal immunochemical tests (FIT), or Stool DNA test
- Colonoscopy - insertion of a small viewing tube into the colon, allows for visualization and removal
- Flexible Sigmoidoscopy - similar to a colonoscopy, allows for viewing and removal of polyps in only the last part of the colon
- Computed Tomographic Colonography (CTC) - a computer utilizes x-ray images to form a detailed picture of the colon
Treating Colon Polyps
Colon polyps are frequently removed during a colonoscopy. If polyps are found, the chance of developing more is significant and additional testing will be suggested.
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