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Dysphagia and Enteral Feeding

Dysphagia simply means trouble swallowing. When a patient has dysphagia it can lead to other problems including aspiration pneumonia, failure to thrive, and severe dehydration. While the disorder is commonly seen in elderly patients, there are a variety of medical conditions that can cause dysphagia and affect patients of any age.

Disorders causing Dysphagia or requiring Enteral Feeding Support

Neurological Disorders:

  • Stroke
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Amyotropic lateral sclerosis
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Dementia
  • Head injuries


Muscular and Connective Tissue Disorders:

  • Dermatomyostis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Scleroderma
  • Mechanical obstruction of the esophagus
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Sjögren's Syndrome


Esophageal Disorders:

  • Esophageal compressions
  • Esophageal strictures
  • Schatzki rings
  • Achalasia
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Esophagitis


Various conditions:

  • Head cancer
  • Neck cancer
  • Chron’s disease
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Advanced cancers
  • Renal system failure
  • Hepatic system failure